Real-Time Surveillance Action Package

GHSA Action Package Detect 2 & 3

 

Five-Year Target: Strengthened foundational indicator- and event-based surveillance systems that are able to detect events of significance for public health, animal health and health security; improved communication and collaboration across sectors and between sub-national, national and international levels of authority regarding surveillance of events of public health significance; improved country and regional capacity to analyze and link data from and between strengthened, real-time surveillance systems, including interoperable, interconnected electronic reporting systems. This can include epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, environmental testing, product safety and quality, and bioinformatics data; and advancement in fulfilling the core capacity requirements for surveillance in accordance with the IHR and the OIE standards.

As Measured by: Surveillance for at least three core syndromes1 indicative of potential public health emergencies conducted according to international standards.

Desired National Impact: A functioning public health surveillance system capable of identifying potential events of concern for public health and health security, and country and regional capacity to analyze and link data from and between strengthened real-time surveillance systems, including interoperable, interconnected electronic reporting systems. Countries will support the use of interoperable, interconnected systems capable of linking and integrating multi-sectoral surveillance data and using resulting information to enhance the capacity to quickly detect and respond to developing biological threats. Foundational capacity is necessary for both indicator-based (including syndromic) surveillance and event-based surveillance, in order to support prevention and control activities and intervention targeting for both established infectious diseases and new and emerging public health threats. Strong surveillance will support the timely recognition of the emergence of relatively rare or previously undescribed pathogens in specific countries.

Country Commitments to Action Package:

  • Leading countries: Georgia
  • Contributing countries: Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Finland, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Mexico, Mongolia, Norway, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen, Zimbabwe
  • Contributing international organizations: FAO, OIE, WHO

 

1 Internationally recognized standards for syndromic surveillance are available for the following five syndromes: severe acute respiratory syndrome, acute flaccid paralysis, acute hemorrhagic fever, acute watery diarrhea with dehydration, and jaundice with fever. The three syndromes chosen will depend on national disease control priorities. These surveillance systems should include early warning surveillance data and laboratory findings, which should be analyzed by trained epidemiologists (see Ijaz et al., "What gets measured gets done. Emerging Infectious Diseases July 2012; 18:1054-7).